US Department of Labor ____ ET HANDBOOK NO. 394


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Data for Calendar Year 1948: Categories

Taxable Employment and Wage Data
Taxable Financial Data
Taxable Significant Measures
Taxable and Reimbursable Claims Data

1948
Taxable

STATE Employment and Wage Data
Average monthly covered employment Wages paid in covered employment during year
(in thousands)
Ratio of taxable to total wages Average weekly wage in covered employment
Total Taxable Total Taxable
(01)(02)(03)(04)(05)(06)(07)
United States 33,084,302 $96,086,769 $78,536,164 0.817 $55.85 $45.65
Alabama 429,476 $998,315 $887,152 0.889 $44.70 $39.72
Alaska 23,479 $103,229 $87,476 0.847 $84.55 $71.65
Arizona 107,244 $304,264 $262,910 0.864 $54.56 $47.14
Arkansas 219,570 $437,489 $394,173 0.901 $38.32 $34.52
California 2,515,469 $8,042,166 $6,519,662 0.811 $61.48 $49.84
Colorado 197,807 $544,297 $457,811 0.841 $52.92 $44.51
Connecticut 635,008 $1,914,425 $1,578,464 0.825 $57.98 $47.80
Delaware 92,506 $268,584 $210,130 0.782 $55.84 $43.68
District of Columbia 220,494 $597,629 $479,438 0.802 $52.12 $41.82
Florida 390,951 $955,792 $824,502 0.863 $47.02 $40.56
Georgia 530,121 $1,181,540 $1,024,071 0.867 $42.86 $37.15
Hawaii 93,953 $252,135 $219,958 0.872 $51.61 $45.02
Idaho 89,902 $233,530 $204,980 0.878 $49.95 $43.85
Illinois 2,383,079 $7,744,953 $6,049,103 0.781 $62.50 $48.81
Indiana 907,504 $2,733,668 $2,260,904 0.827 $57.93 $47.91
Iowa 344,791 $921,465 $783,048 0.850 $51.39 $43.67
Kansas 240,281 $642,768 $552,771 0.860 $51.44 $44.24
Kentucky 391,971 $985,650 $852,326 0.865 $48.36 $41.82
Louisiana 455,164 $1,100,283 $928,054 0.843 $46.49 $39.21
Maine 176,420 $448,335 $394,260 0.879 $48.87 $42.98
Maryland 566,366 $1,467,497 $1,242,980 0.847 $49.83 $42.20
Massachusetts 1,463,465 $3,949,845 $3,280,550 0.831 $51.90 $43.11
Michigan 1,605,121 $5,369,084 $4,289,728 0.799 $64.33 $51.39
Minnesota 551,665 $1,496,292 $1,236,857 0.827 $52.16 $43.12
Mississippi 180,163 $350,510 $315,089 0.899 $37.41 $33.63
Missouri 779,043 $2,139,021 $1,752,771 0.819 $52.80 $43.27
Montana 98,103 $253,244 $221,937 0.876 $49.64 $43.51
Nebraska 162,398 $414,645 $351,376 0.847 $49.10 $41.61
Nevada 37,529 $114,635 $96,713 0.844 $58.74 $49.56
New Hampshire 131,712 $321,032 $287,076 0.894 $46.87 $41.91
New Jersey 1,304,606 $4,048,456 $3,279,346 0.810 $59.68 $48.34
New Mexico 88,577 $221,775 $195,764 0.883 $48.15 $42.50
New York 4,369,296 $14,186,684 $10,815,651 0.762 $62.44 $47.60
North Carolina 641,178 $1,420,547 $1,270,667 0.894 $42.61 $38.11
North Dakota 43,619 $115,344 $97,827 0.848 $50.85 $43.13
Ohio 2,216,196 $6,757,506 $5,466,525 0.809 $58.64 $47.44
Oklahoma 274,647 $757,133 $633,596 0.837 $53.01 $44.36
Oregon 317,492 $973,102 $821,764 0.844 $58.94 $49.77
Pennsylvania 3,102,917 $8,609,114 $7,171,992 0.833 $53.36 $44.45
Puerto Rico 0.000 $0.00 $0.00
Rhode Island 240,310 $649,983 $552,798 0.850 $52.01 $44.24
South Carolina 317,355 $686,064 $623,649 0.909 $41.57 $37.79
South Dakota 52,231 $132,094 $113,384 0.858 $48.64 $41.75
Tennessee 498,877 $1,174,879 $1,023,544 0.871 $45.29 $39.46
Texas 1,189,110 $3,203,717 $2,658,815 0.830 $51.81 $43.00
Utah 124,355 $330,520 $282,717 0.855 $51.11 $43.72
Vermont 64,106 $158,032 $141,167 0.893 $47.41 $42.35
Virginia 499,790 $1,212,759 $1,049,880 0.866 $46.66 $40.40
Washington 520,563 $1,599,509 $1,339,305 0.837 $59.09 $49.48
West Virginia 401,132 $1,218,995 $1,022,886 0.839 $58.44 $49.04
Wisconsin 741,446 $2,188,362 $1,793,748 0.820 $56.76 $46.52
Wyoming 55,744 $155,872 $134,869 0.865 $53.77 $46.53
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1948
Taxable

STATE Financial data (in thousands)
Contributions collected Interest credited to trust fund Benefits Paid Reserves as of December 31 Federal loans to State reserve funds, balance as of end of year Net reserves, balance as of end of year Taxable wage base, year end
(01)(08)(09)(10)(11)(12)(13)(14)
United States $999,635 $154,923 $789,931 $7,602,964 $7,602,964 $3,000
Alabama $11,459 $1,259 $7,945 $62,546 $62,546 $3,000
Alaska $1,574 $229 $1,409 $11,325 $11,325 $3,000
Arizona $3,829 $553 $1,496 $27,845 $27,845 $3,000
Arkansas $5,978 $757 $3,318 $38,456 $38,456 $3,000
California $116,063 $14,934 $146,528 $713,350 $713,350 $3,000
Colorado $6,917 $1,042 $1,195 $53,200 $53,200 $3,000
Connecticut $3,806 $4,023 $14,131 $189,015 $189,015 $3,000
Delaware $1,304 $304 $854 $15,126 $15,126 $3,000
District of Columbia $2,249 $939 $3,001 $45,468 $45,468 $3,000
Florida $7,939 $1,515 $6,713 $73,716 $73,716 $3,000
Georgia $10,395 $2,062 $5,469 $101,974 $101,974 $3,000
Hawaii $2,596 $482 $1,571 $23,698 $23,698 $3,000
Idaho $4,000 $469 $1,355 $24,227 $24,227 $3,000
Illinois $61,128 $10,531 $50,230 $516,743 $516,743 $3,000
Indiana $13,008 $3,973 $10,108 $194,159 $194,159 $3,000
Iowa $9,872 $1,685 $2,596 $85,598 $85,598 $3,000
Kansas $7,392 $1,228 $2,817 $62,022 $62,022 $3,000
Kentucky $14,074 $2,287 $4,878 $116,411 $116,411 $3,000
Louisiana $16,467 $1,949 $6,374 $99,471 $99,471 $3,000
Maine $6,507 $877 $5,481 $42,967 $42,967 $3,000
Maryland $14,709 $2,606 $10,130 $129,243 $129,243 $3,000
Massachusetts $41,695 $3,703 $50,053 $175,979 $175,979 $3,000
Michigan $77,977 $5,576 $34,342 $293,181 $293,181 $3,000
Minnesota $12,996 $2,442 $5,547 $123,232 $123,232 $3,000
Mississippi $7,352 $878 $2,617 $44,341 $44,341 $3,000
Missouri $25,273 $3,638 $13,410 $181,867 $181,867 $3,000
Montana $3,837 $566 $1,270 $29,055 $29,055 $3,000
Nebraska $2,892 $681 $984 $33,774 $33,774 $3,000
Nevada $1,663 $272 $1,133 $13,545 $13,545 $3,000
New Hampshire $3,818 $570 $3,556 $27,995 $27,995 $3,000
New Jersey $81,490 $9,955 $47,693 $470,175 $470,175 $3,000
New Mexico $3,518 $362 $680 $18,981 $18,981 $3,000
New York $150,714 $21,796 $183,928 $1,055,656 $1,055,656 $3,000
North Carolina $20,667 $3,027 $6,826 $152,662 $152,662 $3,000
North Dakota $1,571 $158 $349 $8,425 $8,425 $3,000
Ohio $37,964 $11,335 $20,043 $557,373 $557,373 $3,000
Oklahoma $7,408 $915 $4,098 $46,909 $46,909 $3,000
Oregon $14,187 $1,687 $7,608 $85,093 $85,093 $3,000
Pennsylvania $61,550 $12,957 $45,973 $638,928 $638,928 $3,000
Puerto Rico $1
Rhode Island $8,063 $1,159 $14,259 $47,363 $47,363 $3,000
South Carolina $7,701 $1,076 $3,907 $53,918 $53,918 $3,000
South Dakota $1,115 $181 $285 $9,116 $9,116 $3,000
Tennessee $14,792 $2,136 $10,956 $105,208 $105,208 $3,000
Texas $25,169 $3,934 $4,844 $200,128 $200,128 $3,000
Utah $3,203 $687 $2,764 $33,592 $33,592 $3,000
Vermont $2,206 $335 $1,328 $16,719 $16,719 $3,000
Virginia $8,255 $1,717 $5,029 $84,294 $84,294 $3,000
Washington $23,789 $3,032 $18,412 $148,950 $148,950 $3,000
West Virginia $13,808 $1,740 $5,203 $89,009 $89,009 $3,000
Wisconsin $12,180 $4,472 $4,881 $218,991 $218,991 $3,000
Wyoming $1,516 $232 $354 $11,945 $11,945 $3,000
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1948
Taxable

STATE significant measures
Percent of total wages Average employer tax rate as a percent of taxable wages Reserve ratio (percent of total wages) as multiple of highest 12-month benefit cost rate
Contributions collected Benefits paid Average employer tax rate Reserve Ratio High Cost Multiple
Rate 12 mos. ending
(01)(15)(16)(17)(18)(19)(20)(21) (22)
United States 1.04 0.82 1.01 1.24 7.91 0.00 0.00
Alabama 1.15 0.80 0.90 1.01 6.27 0.00 0.00
Alaska 1.52 1.36 1.45 1.73 10.97 0.00 0.00
Arizona 1.26 0.49 1.21 1.40 9.15 0.00 0.00
Arkansas 1.37 0.76 1.41 1.57 8.79 0.00 0.00
California 1.44 1.82 1.43 1.76 8.87 0.00 0.00
Colorado 1.27 0.22 1.26 1.49 9.77 0.00 0.00
Connecticut 0.20 0.74 0.27 0.33 9.87 0.00 0.00
Delaware 0.49 0.32 0.50 0.64 5.63 0.00 0.00
District of Columbia 0.38 0.50 0.39 0.49 7.61 0.00 0.00
Florida 0.83 0.70 0.84 0.97 7.71 0.00 0.00
Georgia 0.88 0.46 0.90 1.04 8.63 0.00 0.00
Hawaii 1.03 0.62 1.10 1.29 9.40 0.00 0.00
Idaho 1.71 0.58 1.72 1.96 10.37 0.00 0.00
Illinois 0.79 0.65 0.82 1.05 6.67 0.00 0.00
Indiana 0.48 0.37 0.49 0.59 7.10 0.00 0.00
Iowa 1.07 0.28 1.05 1.24 9.29 0.00 0.00
Kansas 1.15 0.44 1.18 1.37 9.65 0.00 0.00
Kentucky 1.43 0.49 1.34 1.55 11.81 0.00 0.00
Louisiana 1.50 0.58 1.55 1.84 9.04 0.00 0.00
Maine 1.45 1.22 1.44 1.64 9.58 0.00 0.00
Maryland 1.00 0.69 1.01 1.19 8.81 0.00 0.00
Massachusetts 1.06 1.27 1.09 1.31 4.46 0.00 0.00
Michigan 1.45 0.64 1.48 1.85 5.46 0.00 0.00
Minnesota 0.87 0.37 0.91 1.10 8.24 0.00 0.00
Mississippi 2.10 0.75 1.84 2.04 12.65 0.00 0.00
Missouri 1.18 0.63 1.20 1.46 8.50 0.00 0.00
Montana 1.52 0.50 1.53 1.75 11.47 0.00 0.00
Nebraska 0.70 0.24 0.56 0.66 8.15 0.00 0.00
Nevada 1.45 0.99 1.47 1.75 11.82 0.00 0.00
New Hampshire 1.19 1.11 1.21 1.36 8.72 0.00 0.00
New Jersey 2.01 1.18 1.24 1.54 11.61 0.00 0.00
New Mexico 1.59 0.31 1.58 1.79 8.56 0.00 0.00
New York 1.06 1.30 1.04 1.37 7.44 0.00 0.00
North Carolina 1.45 0.48 1.48 1.65 10.75 0.00 0.00
North Dakota 1.36 0.30 1.44 1.70 7.30 0.00 0.00
Ohio 0.56 0.30 0.57 0.70 8.25 0.00 0.00
Oklahoma 0.98 0.54 1.03 1.23 6.20 0.00 0.00
Oregon 1.46 0.78 1.44 1.70 8.74 0.00 0.00
Pennsylvania 0.71 0.53 0.73 0.88 7.42 0.00 0.00
Puerto Rico 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Rhode Island 1.24 2.19 1.22 1.44 7.29 0.00 0.00
South Carolina 1.12 0.57 1.14 1.26 7.86 0.00 0.00
South Dakota 0.84 0.22 0.89 1.04 6.90 0.00 0.00
Tennessee 1.26 0.93 1.21 1.39 8.95 0.00 0.00
Texas 0.79 0.15 0.82 0.98 6.25 0.00 0.00
Utah 0.97 0.84 0.98 1.15 10.16 0.00 0.00
Vermont 1.40 0.84 1.39 1.56 10.58 0.00 0.00
Virginia 0.68 0.41 0.59 0.68 6.95 0.00 0.00
Washington 1.49 1.15 1.59 1.89 9.31 0.00 0.00
West Virginia 1.13 0.43 1.14 1.36 7.30 0.00 0.00
Wisconsin 0.56 0.22 0.49 0.60 10.01 0.00 0.00
Wyoming 0.97 0.23 1.05 1.21 7.66 0.00 0.00
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1948
Taxable and Reimbursable

STATE Claims data Average weekly benefit
Number of first payments Weeks compensated for all unemployment Caimants exhausting benefits Average duration (in weeks) Weekly insured unemployed Amount Ratio to average weekly total wage
Number % of first payments Potential Actual Actual for exhaustees Average number Percent of cov. employ.
(01)(23)(24)(25)(26)(27)(28)(29)(30)(31)(32) (33)
United States 4,008,393 42,694,939 1,027,530 27.5 21.1 10.7 18.0 1,001,517 3.0 $19.03 0.341
Alabama 46,514 527,479 19,872 45.9 18.5 11.3 17.0 12,070 2.8 $15.40 0.345
Alaska 6,288 60,981 1,467 27.1 19.0 9.7 14.4 925 3.9 $23.45 0.277
Arizona 10,142 84,467 3,638 39.5 12.0 8.3 11.7 2,924 2.7 $18.79 0.344
Arkansas 29,177 257,059 12,374 42.3 12.1 8.8 11.1 6,609 3.0 $15.97 0.417
California 527,461 6,940,269 162,509 33.0 23.5 13.2 20.1 155,051 6.1 $21.35 0.347
Colorado 8,909 77,917 2,054 24.8 18.0 8.7 15.5 2,405 1.2 $15.54 0.294
Connecticut 77,185 714,709 15,949 23.7 0.0 9.3 16.1 17,869 2.8 $20.21 0.349
Delaware 6,205 58,090 1,704 28.0 17.5 9.4 15.3 1,343 1.4 $15.42 0.276
District of Columbia 13,100 177,908 6,371 49.1 18.9 13.6 18.7 3,461 1.5 $16.99 0.326
Florida 52,041 495,824 22,933 46.0 14.0 9.5 13.0 13,622 3.4 $13.78 0.293
Georgia 39,539 411,315 15,507 44.3 16.0 10.4 15.5 10,576 2.0 $13.64 0.318
Hawaii 8,372 83,474 1,789 32.7 20.0 10.0 20.0 1,758 1.8 $18.84 0.365
Idaho 8,364 75,235 2,748 37.0 16.4 9.0 14.6 1,939 2.1 $18.45 0.369
Illinois 289,663 2,821,758 55,359 19.9 21.8 9.7 16.7 64,813 2.7 $18.50 0.296
Indiana 60,545 593,889 20,023 37.4 17.0 9.8 14.0 16,003 1.7 $17.68 0.305
Iowa 16,682 168,979 5,705 35.9 16.3 10.1 14.3 4,245 1.2 $15.98 0.311
Kansas 18,832 189,973 5,593 29.1 17.2 10.1 15.8 4,525 1.8 $15.28 0.297
Kentucky 34,236 387,119 9,723 32.3 21.4 11.3 21.6 9,653 2.4 $12.76 0.264
Louisiana 34,453 440,466 18,961 57.9 16.0 12.8 14.1 11,274 2.4 $15.30 0.329
Maine 38,370 383,915 7,214 21.2 20.0 10.0 19.8 8,605 4.8 $14.91 0.305
Maryland 79,176 585,972 10,199 13.5 20.5 7.4 16.7 12,592 2.2 $18.70 0.375
Massachusetts 244,711 2,377,356 73,999 33.7 17.3 9.7 14.3 56,310 3.8 $22.41 0.432
Michigan 227,540 1,742,697 37,707 16.8 0.0 7.7 0.0 40,289 2.5 $20.34 0.316
Minnesota 32,617 373,353 9,674 31.7 18.8 11.4 18.3 10,133 1.8 $15.30 0.293
Mississippi 20,242 198,510 6,753 37.5 14.9 9.8 15.2 5,238 2.9 $15.36 0.411
Missouri 85,376 866,344 25,293 30.6 18.4 10.1 17.0 22,895 2.9 $16.20 0.307
Montana 7,635 79,970 2,565 33.4 16.0 10.5 16.0 1,947 1.9 $16.01 0.323
Nebraska 7,027 66,930 2,165 32.5 16.0 9.5 14.7 1,639 1.0 $15.12 0.308
Nevada 5,009 57,349 1,754 35.9 18.0 11.4 16.7 1,316 3.5 $20.04 0.341
New Hampshire 23,600 239,049 3,440 17.2 23.0 10.1 23.0 5,797 4.4 $15.55 0.332
New Jersey 207,941 2,468,635 62,871 30.2 21.5 11.9 18.4 49,692 3.8 $19.91 0.334
New Mexico 4,385 42,065 876 20.9 19.1 9.6 18.6 1,090 1.2 $17.05 0.354
New York 760,855 8,995,305 111,080 15.8 26.0 11.8 26.0 205,024 4.6 $20.72 0.332
North Carolina 65,257 614,523 21,545 39.5 16.0 9.4 15.7 15,098 2.3 $11.45 0.269
North Dakota 1,837 19,262 141 8.3 20.0 10.5 20.0 477 1.0 $18.05 0.355
Ohio 102,384 1,151,407 29,014 30.0 21.7 11.2 20.9 31,231 1.4 $17.77 0.303
Oklahoma 25,195 312,036 12,944 52.2 16.4 12.4 15.0 7,324 2.6 $16.59 0.313
Oregon 52,714 465,704 14,159 30.9 17.3 8.8 14.6 11,312 3.5 $16.91 0.287
Pennsylvania 268,949 2,698,596 69,306 27.1 20.8 10.0 18.3 64,062 2.0 $17.36 0.325
Puerto Rico 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 $0.00 0.000
Rhode Island 68,409 682,385 23,263 39.4 16.8 10.0 13.0 14,448 6.0 $21.34 0.410
South Carolina 25,934 260,061 8,793 39.5 17.0 10.0 16.5 6,504 2.0 $15.41 0.371
South Dakota 2,243 18,067 663 31.5 14.2 8.1 12.4 446 0.8 $16.37 0.337
Tennessee 68,979 823,836 23,199 37.5 20.0 11.9 20.0 22,135 4.4 $13.50 0.298
Texas 39,029 360,646 22,573 59.2 12.9 9.2 11.2 10,647 0.9 $13.93 0.269
Utah 13,932 121,756 2,904 24.8 17.9 8.7 16.4 3,013 2.4 $23.10 0.452
Vermont 7,941 80,484 1,700 23.6 20.0 10.1 20.0 1,793 2.8 $16.89 0.356
Virginia 49,565 365,046 16,090 37.0 13.7 7.4 11.9 8,434 1.6 $14.22 0.305
Washington 96,997 1,037,055 22,963 25.9 22.4 10.7 18.0 24,315 4.6 $18.38 0.311
West Virginia 44,681 342,570 6,432 15.9 21.0 7.7 20.0 8,619 2.1 $15.74 0.269
Wisconsin 39,710 277,848 11,078 31.2 0.0 7.0 0.0 7,567 1.0 $18.35 0.323
Wyoming 2,445 19,296 894 38.7 13.6 7.9 11.3 460 0.8 $18.62 0.346
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