U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Employment and Training Administration
Washington, D. C. 20210
Nov. 13, 1997
|DIRECTIVE||:||TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION NOTICE NO. 17-97|
|TO||:||ALL STATE JTPA LIAISONS
ALL STATE WORKER ADJUSTMENT LIAISONS
ALL STATE EMPLOYMENT SECURITY ADMINISTRATORS
ALL ONE-STOP CAREER CENTER SYSTEM LEADS
|FROM||:||WENDY L. McCONNELL
for Regional Management
|SUBJECT||:||New U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Report -- A Positive Force: The First Two Years of Youth Fair Chance (YFC)|
Purpose. To announce the publication and distribution of a new report -- A Positive Force: The First Two Years of Youth Fair Chance. The report was prepared for the Employment and Training Administration by Mathematica Policy and Research Inc., of Princeton, New Jersey.
Background. The report is an interim process evaluation of the Youth Fair Chance (YFC) demonstration which addresses four issues: (1) access to services, (2) sustainability, (3) the YFC concept, and (4) potential modifications to the YFC concept. To examine access to services, researchers compared the service environment in the YFC communities with that in a set of comparison communities, looking at expenditures and the range of services offered. To determine sustainability, researchers looked at how the YFC sites responded to Federal funding cuts, and their plans for future funding. The last two issues were addressed by focusing on how well YFC projects were operating at the existing sites.
The YFC program, started in 1994, supports efforts in 16 urban and rural areas to help young people ages 14 to 30 finish high school, get better jobs, and address personal and family problems that are obstacles to success (a 17th site was added later). The program funded by DOL provides youths with education, employment preparation and training, counseling, and support services. Case managers coordinate the services and try to help young people find solutions to their individual problems. The YFC programs generally operate in areas that have fewer than 30,000 residents, high poverty rates and other problems associated with poverty.
Twelve programs are in cities and four are in rural areas, including one area with a high proportion of Native Americans and another area that is home to many migrant and seasonal farm-workers. In YFC's first two years, each program received about $4 million in Federal funds. This report describes features of YFC programs, analyzes their implementation, and draws lessons from their experiences that may be useful for designers of youth programs and comprehensive initiatives.
Action Required. Please distribute copies of the report to the Service Delivery Areas. A bulk supply of reports has been sent under separate cover.
Inquiries. Direct inquiries to Aida Hilliard (202) 219-7664 X132 or to the appropriate ETA Regional Administrator.
Separate Cover. A Positive Force: The First Two Years of Youth Fair Chance.
NOTE: "A Positive Force..." not available to DMS